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Critical better management practices and critical bio-security measures for prevention of entry and spread of white spot virus and pathogenic Vibrio in grow-out farms of cultured Penaeus monodon in Sri Lanka

Authors:

K.R.P.S. Kumara ,

LK
About K.R.P.S.

Divron Bioventures, P.O. Box 75, Thalahena, Pamunugama Road, Negombo

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Mangalika Hettiarachchi

University of Kelaniya, LK
About Mangalika

Department of Zoology and Environmental Management

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Abstract

Since the first record of white spot disease (WSD) in 1996, PCR tested, white spot virus (WSV) free post larvae of Penaeus monodon (Fabricius 1798) are stocked in grow-out farms as the major bio-security measure. However, significantly high mortality in young shrimp and total rejection of harvest have been recorded in North Western Province, Sri Lanka due to WSD and/or vibriosis. Present study was planned to identify critical better management practices (CBMPs) and critical bio-security measures (CBSMs) that should be strictly adopted to prevent the entry and spread of WSV and pathogenic Vibrio in grow-out farms of P. monodon. A questionnaire survey, carried out at randomly selected 100 grow-out farms located in the North Western Province, revealed that there was a relationship between the occurrence of WSD and /or vibriosis and levels of practicing better management practices (BMPs) and/or bio-security measures (BSMs). Proper pre-stocking pond preparation, adoption of zero water exchange, monitoring and controlling water quality parameters including pathogenic Vibrio in culture water and use of a suitable bioaugmenter and a probiotic were identified as the CBMPs while proper disinfection of culture water, stocking of WSV and MBV free post larvae and prevention of WSV contamination through other routes over the rearing period were the identified CBSMs. Entry and spread of WSV and pathogenic Vibrio in P. monodon grow-out farms in the North Western Province, Sri Lanka could be prevented by strict adoption of CBMPs and CBSMs identified during the present study.

How to Cite: Kumara, K.R.P.S. and Hettiarachchi, M., 2018. Critical better management practices and critical bio-security measures for prevention of entry and spread of white spot virus and pathogenic Vibrio in grow-out farms of cultured Penaeus monodon in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 23(2), pp.151–162. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljas.v23i2.7556
Published on 01 Sep 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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